- Old Museum (1830)
- New Museum (1859; rebuilt as Egyptian Museum of Berlin after destruction in WW2)
- Old National Gallery (1876)
- Bode Museum (1904, previously called "Kaiser Friedrich Museum)
- Pergamon Museum (1930)
|The columns of a covered passageway beside the Old National Gallery.|
The golden dome of the "Old Synagogue" is in the distance.
|The Old National Gallery was modelled on a Roman Temple.|
Equestrian statue of King Frederick William IV on the stairs.
|The Pergamon Altar in its original display setting.|
Photo source: Wikimedia Commons, Raimond Spekking, 2004
|Just a section of the beautiful and impressive Ishtar Gate|
It was named "Ishtar" after a Babylonian goddess. The glazed bricks depict alternating rows of mušḫuššu (dragons) and "aurochs" (bulls). The roof and doors of the gate were made of cedar and the gate was covered in Lapis Lazuli.
The reconstructed gate is just the outer and smaller part of a double gate. The larger, rear section is still in storage as it is too big to be reconstructed within the museum. Of particular interest is the gate's dedication plaque - there is no doubt what it is.
|Details of one of the "bull" motifs portrayed in bas-relief brickwork.|
|Model showing the ceremonial way with decorated wall and|
towers leading toward the Ishtar Gate which stood in
front of an even larger gate into the inner city of Babylon.
|A small section (less than a quarter) off the ceremonial|
way which has been recreated in the Pergamon Museum.
|The Miletus Market Gate. |
(Note the mosaic at bottom right)
|The "Orpheus" Mosaic, Miletus, 2nd century AD|
|Reconstruction of a gate sentinel from an Assyrian Palace (9th Century BC)|
|Beautifully and intricately prayer niche |
indicating the direction of Mecca in the
Islamic Art section of the Pergamon Museum.
|Prayer niche ("mihrab") from the Beyhekim |
Mosque, Konya (Anatolia) 13th century.
(Museum of Islamic Art, Pergamon Museum)